The situation in Ukraine remains critical. In a country at war, the real war. The population of Ukraine is trying to save themselves and their loved ones from this nightmare, fleeing to Russia. After the citizens of Ukraine cross the border with the Russian Federation, they can receive refugee status. How to do it?
The steps for obtaining refugee status
First of all, the citizen of Ukraine who has attained the age of 18, either in person or through an authorized representative should apply for recognition as a refugee. The appeal must be in writing. Served in this appeal:
diplomatic mission or consular post of Russia, if the applicant is on the territory of the Russian Federation;
- border controls the FSB or to the territorial body of the FMS, the interior Ministry in case of forced illegal crossing of the State. the Russian border within the paragraph or outside the paragraph border crossing. The most important thing to do so within days from the date of crossing the State. border of the Russian Federation;
- the organ of border control the FSB in the checkpoint State. border of the Russian Federation at its intersection;
- to the territorial office of FMS at the place of his stay legally on the territory of Russia.
Data of children under 18 years of age, are recorded in the statement of one of parents.
The application should be filled in English language. If a person who wishes to obtain the status of refugee, does not know the Russian language, the application can help him to fill the FMS office, police or the border control authority of the FSB.
The next step is to obtain evidence about the processing of application notice of refusal to consider the request
Preliminary consideration of the motions involved:
-diplomatic mission or consular post of – views within a month
- territorial body FMS of Russia considers within 5 working days from the date of receipt of the petition
After a preliminary review of the application, the FMS makes the decision on granting the certificate on consideration of the petition or on refusal in consideration of the petition on the merits.
If the decision on refusal in petition consideration in essence, the FMS within 3 business days from the date of such decision shall hand over or send to the applicant a notice stating the reasons for the refusal and the procedure for appealing the decision and clarification of the legal status of the applicant and members of his family in Russia.
If the decision to issue the certificate on consideration of the petition on the merits, the FMS issues the certificate of the established form to the applicant. Upon receipt of this certificate, the applicant is obliged to transfer its national (civil) passport or other identity documents be deposited in the office of FMS for the period while his application is being considered on the merits.
The next step is the citizen of another country may apply to the FMS application for the lump-sum allowance and the issuance of directions to the reception location to stay in it for a period until his application considered on the merits
The next step is to register and to undergo a medical examination
The applicant who received the certificate, as well as family members who arrived together with him:
- undergo a mandatory medical examination in the scope of the requirements of the medical certificate;
- must be registered at the place of residence for the period of petition consideration in essence.
The next step is to get permission on the recognition or denial of refugee status on the territory of Russia
The petition on the merits of the applicant, who is outside the territory of Russia, which was submitted to the diplomatic mission or consular office of Russia, FMS of Russia considers within 2 months from the date of the decision on issuance of certificate.
After the decision of the FMS to the applicant within 3 working days from the date of such decision directed the decision on recognition as a refugee or a notice of denial of refugee status on the territory of the Russian Federation.
Note: the Notice on refusal in consideration of petitions for refugee status on the merits as well as on denial of refugee status, loss or depriving of refugee status can be appealed by a foreign national before the court or the FMS of Russia.
The next step is to obtain a refugee certificate and travel document
If the applicant is on the territory of the Russian Federation, the certificate is handed to him personally. For applicants who are outside the territory of the Russian Federation, the certificate is awarded after the arrival to the territory of the Russian Federation to the local FMS body at the place of registration.
Upon receipt of the refugee certificate all the documents that were passed to the FMS (national (civil) passport and other documents) remain in storage in the FMS at the place of registration for the term of the applicant's refugee status.
A foreign citizen as well as a stateless person recognized as a refugee for the term up to 3 years.
This period may be extended for each subsequent year in the presence of compelling circumstances, which served as the basis for the recognition of the citizen as a refugee.
In order to be able to travel outside of the Russian Federation to issue refugees travel document of the refugee.