Specialist in the creation and development of quantum-optical systems, a telecommunications expert, and operator of unmanned aerial vehicles are among the most promising professions, according to the Ministry of labor, which can be obtained in the framework of secondary education. Of course, this list is not complete.
The Ministry has developed a directory of occupations that are in demand in the future. In total, 1767 professions. About 600 of them are specialists trained in the framework of secondary education, including 50 new, allocated on behalf of the Government of the Russian Federation in a separate list. In this list are prescribed a specialty in areas such as software, robotics, rocketry, navigation, wireless technologies.
Deputy Minister of labour of Love eltcova, commenting on the situation in the labour market, said that at present, a growing number of unemployed among people with higher education, while the share of unemployed among people with secondary special education, held at the same level. This indicates that the market is oversaturated by experts with higher education, and the need for skilled workers by the day.
However, according to the labor Ministry, each year the Universities produce a huge number of specialists with "useless" professions. For example, approximately every third student of the University (31%) studying in the direction "economy and management", and the percentage of specialists of this profession in the overall demand for workers total of 13.7 %. More advantage in "the Humanities" -= 20% of the total number of students and only 3% of the demand in the labour market.
Prepared the Handbook is intended to reverse the situation on the labour market, to get rid of the imbalance. It is addressed, on the one hand, applicants who are still thinking about where to go, whom to study. The Handbook will help to make the right choice. On the other hand, the Handbook provides direction for the work of the Universities, so they focused on the situation in the labour market and prepare specialists that are demanded on it. This Handbook also need authorities and employers ' associations for the formation of strategies for socio-economic development of regions. For the preparation of the Handbook was used many sources of information, including expert opinions and data to employers.