16 of September. On 18 of September, the Russians will have to choose deputies of the State Duma of the seventh convocation. Citizens of the Russian Federation will elect 450 deputies, which over the next 5 years will pass laws by which to live the whole country.
On the eve of Russian President Vladimir Putin made a televised address to the citizens, urging everyone to exercise responsible citizenship and to vote.
"Completed the campaign. All participants were created equal conditions for fair competition, in order to indicate their position on various issues and to offer ways of their decision, the voters could compare the programs of the parties, to evaluate the goals and achievements of parties and candidates," - said the head of state in his address to the citizens.
In the polling day (18 of September) across the country will host a large number of elections of different levels, the key event will be the election of deputies of the lower house of Parliament.
"I'm sure we are all interested in the fact that in the state Duma came a decent, honest and competent people, capable to provide stable development of the country, ready to be United in defending the interests of Russia", - said Vladimir Putin.
"I urge everyone to show their responsible citizenship. Call to come to the polls and Express their position, asked the Russian leader to the citizens. – Sure, participation in elections is a civic duty of each of us."
The head of the Central election Commission, Ella Pamfilova assured that the elections will be transparent and honest, and even said that he is ready to resign if the elections fail, it will. Preliminary results of the elections, the CEC will announce at 10 a.m. Monday (19 September).
"If I fail this election, then of course I'll resign," - said Ella Pamfilova. However, she noted that for the months of preparation for the elections, the Commission has done everything to vote was as transparently as possible.
"Society is interested in clean elections, this creates a favorable situation for the CEC, which is set up to ensure that the elections were held transparently and openly," - said Ella Pamfilova.
CEC is doing everything possible in order to increase voter turnout. A high turnout will not only raise the legitimacy of the vote, but also reduce the space for abuse of the ballot. "The greater the turnout, the less fraud," - said the CEC head.
In addition, compared with the previous election held in 2011, has significantly reduced the number of "problem" regions. According to the results of monitoring, the CEC notes that most of the regions of Russia complaints to regional officials during the current election campaign, have been reported. In those RF subjects where the risk of violations is preserved, the situation is kept under control.
To prevent violations will also help the army of observers, whose rights become wider. For the first time the law enshrines their right to produce in the polling photos and video, to remove observers is now possible only by court order. "But, in fact, the moratorium on the removal of observers from the hall for voting," - said Pamfilova.
By law, party and candidate single-seat districts can assign to each polling station election Commission, one observer. It turns out that depending on the County and the degree of competition at the polling station can constantly be present from 19 to 32 observers, including members of the PEC. The openness of the voting process will contribute to the conduct of surveillance nearly 1/3 of the polling stations. Video cameras installed at polling stations in 15 regions and in all the cities.
The upcoming election will be the seventh. You cannot call these elections the most "hot" to inflame passions. In recognition of the candidates, "black PR" in this election was much smaller, Ella Pamfilova said that complaints to the Federal mass media during the campaign for the first time in 15 years, almost was not.
Participants in these elections more than the previous year, due to the fact that the returned candidates-odnomandatniki (current polls have registered 2.1 thousand candidates registered more parties – 14 (for comparison, in 2011, there were elections, only 7 parties).
In the elections of September 18, half of the deputies (which is 225 people) will be elected on party lists and half in single – mandate constituencies. In total on elections to the State Duma was registered 6 510 candidates, on average, one parliamentary mandate claim 14,5 man.
According to the results of the election held in 2011, the alignment of political forces in Russia was as follows: in the state Duma met 238 deputies from "United Russia", 92 MP from the Communist party, 64, from "Fair Russia" and 56 – from LDPR.
The main intrigue of these elections is: will the state Duma of a four-party or the number of political parties are updated.
In the elections of 2016 involved parties:
- "Communists Of Russia";
- "United Russia";
- The Russian party of pensioners for justice;
- The liberal democratic party;
- Communist party;
- "Civic platform";
- Party growth;
- People's freedom party (PARNAS);
- "Patriots Of Russia";
- "Civil force";
- "Fair Russia".
By law, 17 of September declared the "day of silence". On this day, it is prohibited to campaign with election stakeholders. 18 November in Russia will open 95 thousand polling stations, they will work from 8:00 to 20:00 local time.
The CEC will work the information center – it will open on 17 September at 23:00 (Moscow time) – when residents of the Eastern regions will go to elections.
The summing up will begin at 21:00 Moscow time, when all polling stations will finish their work. Preliminary election results are expected on September 19. "At 10 o'clock on September 19 will be announced the preliminary results of the elections", - said the CEC. Final results will be announced after processing of all protocols.